Bleeding Gums From Brushing Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Bleeding gums From brushing: The medical term for gums is gingiva. The gums, together with the jawbone and fine fibers, form the gums that hold the teeth. Disease in this area can result in tooth loss. Bleeding gums are usually the first symptom of a pathological change in the gums. We explain when bleeding gums become a problem and what signs you should see your dentist to determine the causes of the bleeding gums.

For many patients it is a common sight when the gums bleed while brushing their teeth. In most cases, however, this is a warning sign, which is far too often neglected. Bleeding gums can be the first sign of gum disease, so this should not be ignored. If the gums are healthy, they will not bleed.

If you bite into an apple and there is a slight trace of blood on the bite site, if you brush your teeth and the spit out toothpaste is streaked with red or a metallic taste spreads in your mouth – these can all be serious signals from your body that you are Indicate inflammation of the gums. The body tries to flush bacteria out of the inflamed area in the gums with increased blood flow – the bleeding gums.

Bleeding Gums From Brushing Causes:

The possible causes of bleeding gums are many. Disease is not always to be expected, but blood while brushing your teeth still indicates a condition. For example, excessive pressure with a toothbrush can be a cause or neglected oral hygiene, which allows bacteria in the form of dental plaque to adhere to the edges of the gums and cause irritation or irritation there, which in turn trigger bleeding. The first signs of inflammation of the gums, which, if ignored and treated, can have serious consequences.

Possible Diseases for Bleeding Gums:

Usually the cause of bleeding gums is an injury or an inflammatory change in the gums. This usually affects the gap between the gum and the tooth. Bacteria lead to inflammation, which manifests itself in bleeding gums and a slight pain in the wound. In addition, bleeding gums can be a symptom of a number of diseases of the gums and gums that require dental care to prevent permanent damage to the gums or, in severe cases, tooth loss.

Diseases and Bleeding Gums:

Certain diseases promote bleeding gums due to the weakening of the immune system. These include HIV, diabetes (diabetes mellitus) and tumor diseases. The change in metabolism increases the risk of bleeding gums. In addition, malnutrition, anorexia and heavy alcohol consumption, which result in a vitamin C and protein deficiency, can lead to bleeding gums and receding gums.

  • Gingivitis as a Cause of Bleeding Gums: Gingivitis is a mild form of the gum inflammation , which can still be treated by thorough oral hygiene. It usually arises in the spaces between the teeth. It is difficult to get there with a toothbrush or you forget to floss it. Gingivitis then develops between the tooth and the gums and this leads to bleeding gums. Untreated gingivitis can also lead to chronic periodontitis.
  • Chronic Periodontal Disease as a cause of Bleeding Gums: With chronic periodontitis, not only the gums are inflamed, but also the periodontal structures. The bone breaks down and the teeth loosen until they finally fall out. Smoking and diabetes increase the risk of periodontal disease. Therefore, special treatment of periodontitis by the dentist is necessary. It is a promising way to contain the bacteria. The progressive loss of gums and bones can be stopped, but not reversed. Bleeding gums are usually only an accompanying symptom and persist for a long time.
  • Aggressive Periodontal Disease and Bleeding Gums: Aggressive periodontitis runs very quickly and violently. It occurs up to the age of 35 and without therapy, teeth can be lost within two years. How it comes to the drastic spread of the particularly bad bacteria is still unclear. Often there is a corresponding medical history in the family that is related to immunodeficiency. Bleeding gums are an accompanying symptom of aggressive periodontal disease.
  • Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis (NUG) and Necrotizing Ulcerative Periodontitis (NUP): Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, or NUG for short, and necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis, or NUP for short, are rare but can occur suddenly. Both diseases mainly affect younger people as well as those infected with HIV and are favored by stress, poor dental care and smoking. An initially painful inflammation in the interdental spaces grows quickly and affects the gums. The first signs are yellow, greasy plaque, profuse bleeding gums and pain. The mucous membrane is lost in the process. In the case of NUP, there is also bone loss.
  • Smoking Damages the Gums: Another possible cause of bleeding gums is smoking, because it constricts the blood vessels and hampers blood flow to the gums. Smoking also weakens the body’s defenses, which makes it easier for bacteria to grow and spread in the oral cavity.
  • Hormonal Influences on Bleeding Gums: Due to hormonal changes, for example during pregnancy or while breastfeeding, the body reacts particularly sensitively to bacterial irritation and symptoms such as bleeding gums are more common. This is why thorough and regular dental care is particularly important at this time. In addition, professional teeth cleaning is recommended at the beginning of pregnancy in order to ensure that your teeth and gums are well cared for through the pregnancy.

Treatment of Bleeding Gums:

When treating bleeding gums, the gums are usually checked for bacterial contamination and incipient inflammatory changes. The dentist first cleans the teeth or, in the case of periodontitis, the entire oral cavity, in order to remove harmful bacteria as far as possible and thus to put a stop to the inflammatory change in the gum gap. The use of an antibiotic may also be necessary.

What Helps Against Bleeding Gums?

First of all, of course, oral care must be right with the right brushing technique and interdental cleaning. In this way, it is avoided that injuries to the gums become inflamed due to excessive multiplication of bacteria. When smoking, only quitting helps to positively influence the gums and the self-healing powers of the body in the oral cavity.


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Good cleaning is difficult with crooked or angled teeth as well as protruding fillings, because some places are difficult or impossible to reach. Special tooth cleaning utensils such as small brushes for interdental spaces and cavities help here. Sugar is food for bacteria – a healthy diet is therefore a healing factor.

Which home Remedies help with Bleeding Gums?

Mouthwashes with chlorhexidine help against germs and bacteria. A tongue brush removes bacteria sitting there. Sage and chamomile tea are reliable home remedies for inflammation. Gargle with the infusion several times a day. A mixture of two teaspoons of apple cider vinegar and a glass of water about 30 minutes before brushing your teeth is said to have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and salivary properties.

When should I see a Doctor for Bleeding Gums?

In general, bleeding gums are a sign that something is wrong. If bleeding gums occur regularly, a dentist should be consulted. The same applies to swelling, severe redness and pain. If there is also a fever, bad breath or yellow coating, immediate action is required. Here one can already assume an existing gingivitis.

Prophylaxis Against Bleeding Gums:

To prevent bleeding gums in the first place, the following measures are advisable. Regular brushing prevents the excessive formation of dental plaque (plaque). The spaces between the teeth, which the toothbrush cannot reach, should be cleaned with dental floss once a day.

In addition, one or two professional tooth cleanings a year help to keep tartar in check and the spaces between the teeth clean. Bacteria have a harder time settling on smooth, well-cared for teeth and causing bleeding gums. Good oral hygiene is therefore the best preventive measure against bleeding gums and the associated diseases of the gums and gums.

Reduce the Risk of Bleeding Gums:

Bleeding gums can be avoided with proper oral hygiene. In any case, brushing your teeth, which removes food residues, plaque and bacteria, is part of the basics. 3 minutes each morning and evening with a fluoride toothpaste is ideal. Furthermore, the right toothbrushing technique is of course crucial. Every surface and every corner of the teeth should be cleaned thoroughly. Every dentist is happy to impart the best technique.

A common mistake is to brush too vigorously. It does not apply that the harder and longer you brush, the cleaner your teeth become. Proceeding carefully also protects the tooth enamel from unwanted wear. If the tooth surfaces and gaps have been cleaned, the gum line should also be considered, as bacteria particularly like to settle here. Dental floss or interdental brushes provide good support here. Cleaning your tongue can also significantly reduce the number of harmful bacteria in your mouth. The tongue can also be carefully cleaned with a toothbrush or a tongue scraper. All measures taken together ensure a well-groomed inside of the mouth and reduce the risk of bleeding gums.

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