Blood In The Urine Causes

Blood in The Urine Causes: Blood in the urine is not a reason to panic, because discolored urine often has a completely harmless background. Nevertheless, those affected are understandably concerned when their urine is pink, red or even brown in color. We will give you an overview of the possible causes.

Blood in The Urine: Microhematuria and Macrohematuria

From a medical perspective, there are two different forms of so-called hematuria (blood in the urine):

  • Microhematuria: Here the urine is not discolored by the blood and we cannot perceive the small (micro) blood particles with the naked eye after urination. In this case, only a microscopic examination or an examination procedure with a test strip that is held in the urine will help.
  • Macrohematuria: With a macrohematuria there is a definite color change, which is caused by the blood in the urine and which can be easily recognized.

With some diseases we do not even notice that hematuria is present. The amount of blood in the urine is then so low that this can only be determined by a doctor or with the help of tests.

Blood in the Urine Causes:

In hereditary diseases such as sickle cell anemia, a special form of anemia may occur as a symptom to blood in the urine. Hematuria can also occur in the following clinical pictures:

  • Urinary tract diseases such as cystitis or urethritis are among the most common causes of hematuria. Bacteria enter the bladder via the urethra and cause irritation of the bladder wall and bacterial infection. In addition to frequent urination with pain, bloody urine is also one of the typical symptoms.
  • Inflammation of the kidneys or the renal pelvis often occurs as a result of an infection of the bladder. The pathogens enter the kidney pelvis via the urinary tract or the blood. In the case of acute inflammation, the patient suffers from severe pain in the lower back and frequent urination, but only passes a small amount of urine, sometimes bloody.
  • Kidney or bladder stones can damage the lining of the urinary system. The bleeding will therefore affect the color of the urine.
  • Possible muscular injuries to the bladder, kidneys and urinary tract can discolour the urine reddish if muscle protein enters the urine.

However, diseases that have to be taken very seriously, such as tumors , can also trigger bloody urine. If you are undergoing radiation therapy, this symptom cannot be ruled out either. In these cases, it is good to follow up on the first signs and follow up on other symptoms.

Hematuria in Women and Men:

There are clinical pictures that can only occur in women, for example. Typical and harmless are blood residues in connection with the menstrual period. Here are residues of menstruation flushed out through the urine and there is a slight discoloration. In the context of endometriosis, uterine lining tissue can settle in the bladder and, depending on the cycle, lead to hematuria.

In men, the focus is on the prostate when blood is detected in the urine. The causes for this could then be an inflammation (prostatitis) or an enlarged prostate ( benign prostate hyperplasia). It is often feared that hematuria is the first indicator of prostate cancer. With a tumor, however, blood-stained urine is rare.

Other Causes of Urinary Discoloration:

In certain cases it is not true hematuria , as the body’s own or natural dyes are the trigger. Some people have high levels of red blood pigment that can be found in the urine. This occurs above all in sickle cell anemia, intolerance, immune reactions or as a symptom of autoimmune diseases.

In so-called march hematuria, the hemoglobin from the red blood cells passes into the urea after prolonged, heavy physical exertion. Colloquially, this phenomenon is known as the “ runner bubble” in long-distance runners.

Furthermore, the consumption of certain foods can also lead to red urine. In this case it is not blood but natural dyes that trigger the discoloration in the urine. If you z. For example, if you have eaten a large amount of beetroot or red berries, the urine may appear reddish, but it is completely harmless. As soon as you remember dinner, the concerns are forgotten again.

The use of certain medications can cause the urine to change color. Hematuria can occur as a side effect with certain antibiotics, cancer drugs, and blood thinners such as ASA.

How Dangerous is Blood in the Urine?

If, while urinating, you notice that your urine deviates from the usual color and changes, stay calm for the time being and have an appointment with your doctor. Often there is a very harmless cause behind it.

For a reliable diagnosis, a urine sample is taken at the beginning and examined with a microscope. In addition to clarifying any previous illnesses, your doctor may also palpate your stomach, measure your temperature and ask you questions about the frequency of the symptoms. The kidneys, ureters and bladder can be examined using a simple ultrasound (sonography) to rule out other causes such as serious diseases of the ureter or bladder.

When Should i go to the doctor?

In general, you should always see a doctor if you notice anything unusual. Some people take even a small change in their body to mind for days. Various concerns and questions can be clarified through a visit to the doctor and a specialist medical discussion. Even with a serious illness, there are good therapy and treatment options with early detection. So the sooner you go to the doctor if you suspect it is harmless, the better.

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