How High Blood Pressure Damages Blood Vessels?

How High Blood Pressure Damages Blood Vessels? Elevated blood pressure is sometimes not noticeable at all, but it still puts us in acute danger. Above all, the heart, circulation, eyes and kidneys suffer from it – if it is left untreated.

High blood pressure (hypertension) is not a rare phenomenon. Together with obesity, high cholesterol, diabetes and arteriosclerosis, he is one of the five apocalyptic riders that lead to the number one cause of death in the western world: heart attacks, strokes and other cardiovascular diseases.

We explain the damage that high blood pressure causes in the body and how you can avoid it.

Blood Pressure – From What Value is it Increased?

One speaks of increased blood pressure when the values ​​are above 140 mm Hg to 90 mm Hg. With self-measurements, these values ​​are set a little lower than with a doctor. Many are more excited in the medical practice than at home. The upper value is the systolic value, the lower value is the diastolic value. If one of these two values ​​is exceeded, the blood pressure is considered to be elevated. An optimal blood pressure is around 120/80 mm Hg.

Hypertension – What Happens in the Body?

Increased blood pressure in the veins damages the blood vessels. In order to withstand the pressure, the vessel walls harden and thicken. Fat-laden plaques form, which lead to the dreaded hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis). If a plaque ruptures, it can cause an infarction near the heart. Thrombi (blood clots) can also form which, if they migrate, lead to embolism in the heart, brain, or lungs. A stroke can result.


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In addition, the kidneys, which wash our blood around the clock, suffer from high pressure. You can’t fight the rushing blood. Eyesight is also disturbed by increased blood pressure.

High Blood Pressure – How do I Recognize It?

Headache and dizziness – these are the non-specific symptoms of high blood pressure. But sometimes he doesn’t make any complaints at all. Therefore, diseases that are related to high blood pressure, such as kidney weakness, are often recognized late.

How to Keep an Eye on your Blood Pressure:

  • Take part in the annual health check-up from 35: have your blood pressure measured and your urine values ​​checked.
  • Blood, urine and eye measurements are used to find out whether other organs have already been damaged by the high pressure.
  • If high blood pressure is detected in good time, many secondary diseases can be prevented.
  • Seniors running.

Increased blood pressure – This is the damage it causes to blood vessels and organs

Too High Blood Pressure Harms:

  • Vessels
  • Heart
  • Brain
  • Eyes
  • Kidneys
  • Extremities

How High Blood Pressure Damages Blood Vessels:

The main risk factor for cardiovascular disease is high blood pressure. Due to the narrowing of the arteries to the heart and brain, kidneys and extremities, vital organs of the body suffer. Life-threatening events such as a heart attack or stroke are consequences of high blood pressure. The following organs and areas of our body suffer from hypertension:

  • The heart – Increased blood pressure forces our heart to beat even harder than usual. As a result of this exertion, the heart muscle thickens. Heart attack, cardiac arrhythmias and heart failure are the secondary diseases. In addition, arteriosclerosis hardens the coronary arteries and can thus cause CHD (coronary artery disease) with angina pectoris.
  • The Brain – High blood pressure is the main risk factor for stroke. If a clot loosens in the vessels narrowed by arteriosclerosis and the vessel closes, an infarction in the brain is the result. If the vessels are no longer so elastic and stable, high blood pressure can also cause cerebral haemorrhage.
  • Kidneys – High blood pressure makes the kidneys sick. As a result of the chronic pressure load, the vessels harden ( nephrosclerosis ), the kidneys atrophy and those affected suffer from kidney weakness, which is reflected in the urine on the basis of increased protein values. If you have high blood pressure you will need to have your kidneys checked regularly.
  • Eyes – High blood pressure damages the retinal vessels. The retina of the eye is supplied by fine arteries. If they become clogged, it can cause a heart attack and blindness in the affected eye.
  • Extremities – High blood pressure disrupts blood flow to the pelvis and legs. The peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is the result.

Prevention – What can you do Yourself Against high Blood Pressure?

The European guideline for the treatment of high blood pressure recommends:


At least 30 minutes of endurance training five to seven days a week. Whether you go briskly, walk or jog, swim or cycle is up to you.


Otherwise, if patients suffer from high blood pressure, they should

  • Stop smoking as a risk factor.
  • Try to lose weight if you are overweight. Every kilo less lowers blood pressure.
  • Can be adjusted with medication.
  • Perform relaxation techniques such as autogenic training or yoga regularly.

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