Urinary Tract Infection: Always on the lookout for the nearest toilet – women in particular know the problem of urinary tract infections better than they’d like. If it burns and stings and the annoying inflammation becomes a persistent companion, the right therapy and plenty of precautionary measures help.
If the bladder presses constantly, this often due to an inflammation of the urinary tract (urethra, urinary bladder, ureter), triggered by bacteria, especially intestinal bacteria. A urinary tract infection can be symptom-free and harmless, but it can spread to the kidneys and bloodstream just as well. A distinction is made between the lower urinary tract infection, an inflammation of the urethra or bladder, and the upper, an inflammation of the renal pelvis. Depending on which urinary tract is infected with germs, the infection can lead to urethral, bladder and ureter inflammation
Women are particularly affected – there are simply anatomical reasons for this. The path through a woman’s relatively short urethra is easy for bacteria to master. Although urinary tract infection is an almost exclusively female problem in youth, it also affects men in old age. From the age of 65, both sexes get the same disease. In men, the urinary flow disorder can often be traced back to an enlarged prostate.
Where Does the Urinary Tract Infection come From?
There are many reasons why germs can find their way into the urinary tract. The last urinary tract infection that was not properly treated and cured bears a great risk . However, the bacteria can also get into the urethra during sexual intercourse. This form of transmission is often called “honeymoon cystitis” because it often affects young and sexually active women. During pregnancy, the urinary tract dilates and the risk increases. During the menopause , a lack of estrogen promotes the growth of germs. A weakened immune system, triggered by stress, little sleep, illness or an unhealthy lifestyle, germs can also serve as a breeding ground.
Other risk factors are:
- Metabolic diseases such as diabetes and gout
- Urinary stones
- Catheter and ureteral splints
Symptoms of a Urinary Tract Infection:
Anyone who suffers from a urinary tract infection is always forced to go to the toilet. As if that weren’t annoying enough on its own, urination is accompanied by burning and stinging. In addition, there are pain and cramps in the lower abdominal region and a general feeling of illness. The urine may turn bloody. At the latest when the symptoms are accompanied by a high fever, a visit to the doctor is mandatory. Because the inflammation can spread to the kidneys or prostate – and trigger, for example, an inflammation of the kidney pelvis.
Treat Urinary Tract Infection:
Doctors differentiate between complicated, uncomplicated and symptom-free urinary tract infections. Uncomplicated means that the urinary tract is anatomically and health inconspicuous and only disturbed by the bacteria. On the other hand, experts speak of a complicated urinary tract infection if a severe course can occur due to certain risk factors (for example a urethral narrowing).
There are also urinary tract infections that run smoothly and are more likely to be discovered by chance during routine urine examinations. In the case of symptom-free bacterial infestation, treatment can usually be dispensed with because the culprits often disappear on their own.
The complicated and uncomplicated urinary tract infection needs medical treatment. The doctor often makes the diagnosis based on the symptoms alone or using a urine test strip. Affected men should consult a specialist in any case: Since inflammation of the urinary tract is very rare in them, the causes must be clarified.
The type of therapy depends on the cause. A urinary tract infection can heal on its own. If he does not do this, a visit to the doctor will help to clarify the why and to treat the infection consistently. Antibiotics are often used to combat the bacteria, both for uncomplicated and complicated urinary tract infections.
Why Always Me?
Happy are those who only get it once in a lifetime. However, urinary tract infections often plague you again and again. This may be due to the wrong therapy or no therapy for the previous infection. Or risk factors that can sometimes be more or less easily avoided.
If You Have a Frequent Urinary Tract Infection, Then…
- You are probably a woman.
- do you drink too little? Regular fluid intake flushes the bladder and prevents bacteria from settling.
- Do you rarely go to the toilet? The prompt emptying of the bladder makes it difficult for germs to nestle.
- Tip: Urination after sexual intercourse also prevents.
- Do you use spermicides (gels, creams, sprays) or a diaphragm? Mechanical contraceptives can encourage bacterial infestation.
- Do you use intimate sprays? They damage the natural vaginal flora – and make you susceptible to external influences.
- Are you not paying enough attention to proper toilet hygiene? Cleaning front to back will reduce the risk of infection with intestinal bacteria. Washcloths, towels and underwear should be changed daily and washed at 60 degrees.
- Are you dressed too summery? In the cold season, dress warmly and avoid sitting on bare floors, stairs or benches. Cold can weaken the immune system and pave the way for pathogens.