What are The Purines? Uric Acid Risk Factor

What Are The Purines

What are the Purines? Too much uric acid in the blood can cause gout. Cardiovascular problems can also occur with elevated uric acid levels. We’ll reveal where the uric acid in the blood comes from and how you can lower your levels.

Many wonder how to lower their values. Because a gout attack as a direct consequence of the high values ​​is extremely painful. And gout (technical term arthritis urica) can become chronic. Gout is one of the most common inflammatory joint diseases ( arthritis ) in industrialized countries.

How Does Uric Acid Get Into the Blood?

We all have uric acid in our blood. Uric acid is produced when we metabolize the purines we eat . So uric acid is the end product in the breakdown of purine bases. Our body produces around 2.4 milligrams of uric acid from 1 milligram of purines.

What are the Purines?

Purines are normal components of many foods . In addition, our body makes purines itself. Because this is what he needs to build the cells. Purines are therefore a completely natural product of our cell metabolism. They are in every cell in our body.

How Do High Uric Acid Levels Occur?

The most common reason for an excessively high uric acid level is a diet containing purine. Because the purines ingested when eating are normally converted by our body into uric acid (= urine) and excreted with the urine. However, some people – especially men – give off too little uric acid. The cause of this is an age-related or genetic metabolic disorder. Women are usually only affected at the age of 60 plus.

The painful consequence: the uric acid accumulates in the blood and forms urate crystals there. If the uric acid crystals are deposited in the joints and / or the tissue, it can cause extreme pain and trigger a gout attack. Because the urate crystals irritate the synovium, which then becomes inflamed. Urate crystals can even build up in internal organs such as the kidneys. The higher the uric acid level, the higher the risk of having a gout attack.

Which uric Acid levels are Normal?

If too many purines are taken in with food or too little uric acid is excreted, the uric acid level rises. The normal levels of uric acid in the blood move in healthy people between 3.0 and 6.0 milligrams per 100 milliliters. Normally, the uric acid newly formed in the body and the uric acid excreted by the kidneys are in balance.

If the values ​​are higher, the uric acid crystallizes in the blood. The limit is around 6.5 milligrams per 100 milliliters. The uric acid levels are measured with the help of a laboratory test of the blood. If the uric acid level is high, doctors speak of hyperuricemia. Elevated uric acid can trigger gout.

Which Foods are Particularly Rich in Purine?

The following foods are particularly high in purines:

  • Offal
  • Sausage
  • Red meat
  • Sprats, clams and crabs
  • The skin of poultry or fish
  • Soy products
  • legumes
  • Apples, oranges
  • beer

If you follow the link, you will find recommendations on low- purine foods and a purine table.

How Can I Lower My Uric Acid Levels?

Gout is a serious condition. The treatment of a gout patient always belongs in the hands of a specialist doctor. They will prescribe the right medication for you. Well-known active ingredients that inhibit the production of urea are, for example, allopurinol and febuxostat. But you can also do something yourself to counteract the increased uric acid levels and thus the progression of gout:

  • A balanced, low-purine diet will bring your uric acid levels back into line. The best thing to do is to severely restrict the amount of purines in your diet. Sour kidneys, liver or beer are taboo from now on!
  • Let the finger away from fructose-containing (fruit sugary) food. These are considered to be gout promoters. These include fruit yoghurts, soft drinks, ice cream, multivitamin juices or muesli bars.
  • Doctors recommend a diet that is low in protein . This means that from now on there will be less meat, sausage products, offal, seafood and oily fish on the table.
  • The experts are now giving the all-clear for asparagus and legumes – but only with moderate consumption.
  • Low-fat milk and dairy products are also recommended. A quarter liter of milk is said to promote the excretion of uric acid.
  • According to patient guidelines, peaches, honeydew melons, cherries, vegetables, salads, olive and rapeseed oil and nuts are good for uric acid levels.
  • If you want to lower your uric acid level, you should drink at least two liters of fluid a day. And that is mineral water, juice spritzer or herbal tea. Two cups of coffee a day will also help you excrete excess uric acid.
  • Anyone who sheds extra pounds at the same time reduces their elevated uric acid level. But please do not follow a diet that is too strict, as this has the opposite effect.
  • If you now exercise even more in the fresh air, you are on the right track. Because every step lowers your uric acid level.


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