What Causes Breakage In Hair? Also Know its Treatment

What Causes Breakage In Hair

What Causes Breakage In Hair? Also Incorrect care, illnesses or hormonal changes: There are various causes that lead to hair breakage.

What Causes Breakage In Hair?

Read more about the different triggers and what you can do about brittle hair here.

That’s why Hair Breaks off!

Full and shiny hair stands for vitality and beauty. However, many people have problems with their hair. If they are dry and break off, the outer cuticle of the hair is damaged. There are external and internal factors that lead to it. We introduce you.

Causes From Within:

Illnesses, nutritional deficiencies and hormonal changes are typical internal causes that cause hair to break.


If your hair is dull and brittle, it can sometimes be caused by a disease. For example, both underactive and overactive thyroid have a negative impact on hair growth . A severe flu-like infection, chronic bowel disease or previous chemotherapy also lead to brittle hair.


If our body is adequately supplied with minerals, trace elements, vitamins and amino acids, this is reflected in a robust hair structure. When we suffer from a deficiency, our hair becomes correspondingly brittle. Even those who struggle with an eating disorder often have brittle and brittle hair.

Among other things, a severe iron deficiency leads to our hair becoming thinner and drier. Typical symptoms of iron deficiency include dizziness, headaches, and difficulty concentrating.

In addition to iron, the following nutrients are particularly important for our hair:

  • Vitamin H.
  • Iron
  • Calcium
  • Protein
  • Vitamin B


Certain medicines have an influence on the vitamin status in our body and have a corresponding effect on the condition of our hair. Above all, this includes

  • Antibiotics
  • Anti-epileptic drugs
  • Antidiabetic drugs

Those who experience negative effects on their hair but have to take the medication for a longer period of time speak best. with his doctor about it.


The menopause bring many changes. If the estrogen production decreases, the hormonal balance shifts. The male hormone testosterone takes im. Women’s bodies too.

Since most people are hypersensitive to the testosterone breakdown product dihydrotestosterone, hair also suffers. Dihydrotestosterone damages the hair roots and inhibits hair growth. The result: the hair on the head thins. They also become thinner and brittle. This makes them break off more easily.

If women are pregnant or breastfeeding, this also brings about hormonal changes. Many mothers suffer from hair loss and brittle hair, especially when they are breastfeeding .

Stress and Physical Strain:

Those who are stressed or who work hard physically need a lot of nutrients. If the body gets too little of it, it saves them where they are not vital. This affects the structure of the hair and makes the hair break off more easily.

External Causes:

But not only internal causes are responsible when our hair becomes brittle. External factors also strain the hair so much that it breaks off.

Incorrect care and Friction:

Unsuitable care and cleaning products damage our hair. These include, for example, shampoos with a positive pH value. Due to their high acid content, they make hair brittle. If you towel dry your wet hair after washing, do not rub too hard.

Don’t brush your hair too wildly and too often. Otherwise the mechanical friction will strain the hair. Hairstyles that put tension on the roots of the hair also lead to brittle hair – this includes strict braids. Teasing is also pure stress for the hair. If you rarely go to the hairdresser, you also run the risk of split ends at the lower end of the hair pulling upwards, causing breakage.

Chemical Influences:

If we tint or dye our hair a lot, it is very stressful. This is especially true for bleaching, which removes a lot of moisture from the hair. The result: the hair becomes porous and straw-like. They break off more easily.

A permanent wave also damages our hair and dries it out. Those who frequently bathe in chlorine or salt water also run the risk of hair breakage. It loses moisture as a result.


Blow-drying your hair regularly at a high temperature makes it more prone to breakage. Straightening irons and curling irons also put strain on your hair. Spending a lot of time in the direct sun in summer increases the harmful effect.

How to Stop Hair Breakage:

To prevent your hair from breaking off, you have several options – depending on what is causing it.

Proper Care:

Make sure your hair styling and cleaning products don’t contain too many chemicals. Mild, moisturizing shampoos are best. Products that contain vitamin H are also optimal.

Don’t wash your hair every day. This removes moisture from them unnecessarily. Anyone who bleached or dyed their hair should definitely think about a rich care with rinsing. An intensive cure is also advisable once a week. After washing, gently wrap a towel around your wet hair – like a turban, for example.

Avoid using a hot blow dryer, straightener and curling iron. When you have enough time, let your hair air dry. Brush your hair carefully, but not more often than necessary. Use only wooden combs or brushes for this. Do not use wire brushes. They damage the hair structure.

In addition, avoid too tight hairstyles and teasing. If you suffer from split ends, it is important to give the tips extra care – with suitable hair care products or olive oil.

Balanced Nutrition:

If a nutritional deficiency is to blame that your hair is brittle, make sure you eat a balanced diet and adjust your diet. Iron, which is important for our body, is contained in the following foods, for example:

  • Flesh
  • Grain
  • Vegetables
  • legumes

In principle, we process iron from animal foods better. This is why vegetarians and vegans are considered risk groups for iron deficiency. Competitive athletes, pregnant women and breastfeeding women also have an increased iron requirement.

Vitamin H is important for building keratin – the main component of hair. It helps in making the hair thicker. Among other things, it is in

  • Beef liver
  • egg yolk
  • Nuts
  • Mushrooms

If you suspect that you are suffering from a vitamin or mineral deficiency, it is best to clarify with a doctor what exactly is behind it. Do not take supplements on suspicion .

Balanced lifestyle:

It is not always easy to take stress out of everyday life. But try to create small islands of time out for yourself. Yoga helps or mindfulness techniques.

Home Remedies for Brittle Hair:

Various gentle agents moisturize and strengthen your hair.

Hair Treatment with Honey:

A cure for broken hair can be made from egg yolks and almond oil . If it contains rosemary and lavender oils, it also helps soothe the scalp. For such a cure you need:

  • 2 tbsp honey
  • 1 tbsp almond oil
  • 1 egg yolk
  • 3 drops of rosemary essential oil
  • 3 drops of lavender essential oil

Beat the honey, almond oil and egg yolks. Add the lavender and rosemary oil. Moisten the hair with warm water and massage the treatment into the hair. Put a plastic cover over it and let the cure soak in for 30 minutes. After that, rinse the mix off with warm water and wash your hair with shampoo.

Beer Washing:

A beer wash is used to strengthen the hair. Use a 0.2 liter glass full of beer for this. First, rinse your hair with warm water, then massage the first half of the beer into your scalp. Let the barley juice work for 15 minutes. Then rinse the hair again with warm water.

This is how a Hair is Built!

A hair is a horny thread that consists largely of keratin – a very stable protein compound. It is formed in the hair follicle. It extends into the subcutaneous tissue. It is enveloped by skin and connective tissue, the hair follicle.

The hair follicle absorbs all the important nutrients that are important for the structure and growth of the hair through the hair follicle. The sebum gland is also located on the hair follicle, which lubricates the hair and protects it from drying out.

The hair shaft is visible. Behind this is the part of the hair that protrudes from the skin. The visible hair consists of three layers: an outer cuticle, a fiber layer (cortex), which forms the basic substance of the hair, and the medulla.

The fiber layer, also called the hair bark, is the main component of the hair. It determines the elasticity and tear resistance of the hair. The scales lie on top of each other in several layers – with healthy hair, the flakes nestle closely against the hair shaft and make the hair shine. If the scales open, the hair looks dull, becomes porous and brittle


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