What is the Heart Attack?

What is the Heart Attack? A heart attack (myocardial infarction) is an emergency that requires you to act quickly. Because in a heart attack, a coronary vessel closes. Multiple blood vessels in the heart can also be blocked. As a result, the heart muscle is no longer adequately supplied with oxygen. Doctors do not open the blocked vessel quickly and ensure the blood flow again, the heart muscle tissue that is not supplied with blood dies.

According to the Heart Report 2014, mortality has fallen: in acute myocardial infarction by 40 percent, in coronary heart disease (CHD) by 28 percent and in heart failure by 19 percent.

What Are The Causes of a Heart Attack?

The main cause of myocardial infarction is coronary heart disease, or CHD for short. Deposits called plaques form in the coronary arteries. Doctors also refer to this hardening of the arteries as arteriosclerosis. The extent of vascular calcification increases with age – so it is also a natural aging process.

The plaques narrow the diameter of the vessels and ensure that blood flow is restricted. When fine cracks form in the plaques, the body sends platelets to these areas to seal them off. However, if too many platelets collect there, a blood clot can form – the vessel closes completely and a heart attack occurs.


6 Tips against bad breath


There are also Risk factors that indirectly increase the risk of myocardial infarction. These include, for example, obesity, high cholesterol levels (hypercholesterolemia), high blood pressure, smoking or diabetes. However, genetic predisposition also plays a role. Heart attacks are common in some families.

What are The Heart Attack Symptoms?

There are certain alarm signals that indicate an impending heart attack. Everyone should know these heart attack symptoms and call an emergency doctor immediately (EMERGENCY CALL) – Because in the event of a heart attack, quick action is required. The longer you wait, the more heart muscle tissue dies.

The Main Heart Attack Symptoms Are:

  • Severe Pain: It lasts at least five minutes and often radiates to other areas of the body, such as the arms, upper abdomen, back (between the shoulder blades), neck and jaw.
  • Massive chest tightness (angina pectoris): Typical are severe chest pain and a feeling of pressure or constriction in the heart area.
  • Severe burning sensation: A sign of a heart attack can also be a strong burning sensation.
  • Sweat of fear with cold, pale skin
  • Nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath and pain in the upper abdomen

Attention Women! The Heart Attack Manifests Itself Differently

In women, the symptoms of myocardial infarction are often unspecific – in contrast to men. Such “general” signs of a heart attack can be nausea, shortness of breath, pain in the upper abdomen and vomiting. However, these symptoms can also occur with other diseases, which is why many women do not suspect a heart attack, wait too long and arrive at the clinic much later than men with a myocardial infarction.

  • Caution: Women should always think about a heart attack and call an emergency doctor quickly if these unspecific complaints occur to an extent that has never been experienced before.

How Does the Doctor Recognize a Heart Attack?

Doctors can suspect a heart attack based on the symptoms. The diagnosis of “myocardial infarction” can be confirmed using the following methods:

  • Electrocardiogram (EKG): In the case of a heart attack, there are typical EKG changes; they give clues as to where in the heart the heart attack took place and what extent it was.
  • Blood Test: In the event of a heart attack, the concentration of certain proteins in the blood is increased.
  • Heart Ultrasound: This allows movements of the heart walls to be recorded. If a heart attack has occurred, the affected part of the heart no longer moves properly.
  • Cardiac Catheter: The method shows which coronary artery is blocked. Doctors can also reopen it right away using a cardiac catheter. The vessel is expanded with a balloon; a small stent – the stent – prevents it from closing again.

How is a Heart Attack Treated?

Heart attack therapy usually begins in the ambulance. The aim is to reopen the closed vessel and ensure blood flow to the heart. Doctors use the following methods:

  • Lysis Therapy: the blood clot is dissolved with medication. The lysis therapy has to start very quickly (usually already in the ambulance); then the chance is greatest to dissolve the thrombus. The effect of the lysis therapy diminishes the longer it has been since the heart attack.
  • Cardiac Catheter: It is inserted into the blocked vessel and expanded with the help of a balloon. In some cases a stent is used for stabilization.
  • Medication: In the event of a heart attack, blood-thinning agents such as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), heparin (anti-coagulants) as well as beta-blockers and ACE-inhibitors (antihypertensive agents) are used.

How Can I Prevent a Heart Attack?

The most important cause of myocardial infarction is coronary heart disease (CHD), which in turn is caused by hardening of the arteries. You can reduce your risk of heart attack if you have the risk factors for arteriosclerosis under control:

  • Eat a balanced and healthy diet with lots of fruits and vegetables, fish, whole grains and healthy vegetable fats. Meat and animal fats, for example from sausages, should only be consumed in moderation.
  • Try to avoid being overweight and – if you are too fat ( calculate your BMI! ) – lose a few pounds. The best way to do this is through a healthy diet and exercise.
  • If you are a smoker – try to give up.
  • Bring more exercise into your everyday life. Sitting for hours on end is not good for the body. For example, take the stairs instead of the elevator or cycle to work.
  • If you have high blood pressure, diabetes or high cholesterol – treat them consistently with medication.
  • Stress also increases the risk of heart attacks. Try to avoid stress or learn a relaxation technique. Examples are yoga, progressive muscle relaxation according to Jacobson or autogenic training.

What are the Chances of Recovery From a Heart Attack?

The prognosis of a heart attack depends, among other things, on early detection and therapy of the heart attack. But the size of the heart attack also plays a role in the chances of recovery. According to the Heart Foundation Report, around 128,000 people die each year from CHD, including more than 55,000 from heart attacks. Many of the life-threatening courses of CHD could be avoided with timely detection and treatment. Overall, however, mortality from heart attacks has fallen in recent years – by 40 percent, according to the 2014 Heart Report.

With a healthy lifestyle (risk factors), you can do something yourself after a heart attack to prevent another heart attack.

Related Articles

Carles Puyol Vs Sergio Ramos: Who is the Best Spanish Central Defender?

Carles Puyol vs Sergio Ramos: We are seeing the most creative forwards and midfielders soccer players who usually take the vast majority of the...

Messi vs Ronaldo Trophies: Statistics, Goals, Titles, Awards … Who is Better?

Messi vs Ronaldo Trophies: The eternal fight between Lionel Messi (June 24, 1987) and Cristiano Ronaldo (February 5, 1985) has been so far the...

Real Madrid vs FC Barcelona 2022: Which Team has the Most Titles?

Real Madrid vs FC Barcelona 2022: Real Madrid and FC Barcelona fight every season to win all the titles at stake. With the permission...

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Stay Connected

22,046FansLike
2,466FollowersFollow
0SubscribersSubscribe

Latest Articles

Carles Puyol Vs Sergio Ramos: Who is the Best Spanish Central Defender?

Carles Puyol vs Sergio Ramos: We are seeing the most creative forwards and midfielders soccer players who usually take the vast majority of the...

Messi vs Ronaldo Trophies: Statistics, Goals, Titles, Awards … Who is Better?

Messi vs Ronaldo Trophies: The eternal fight between Lionel Messi (June 24, 1987) and Cristiano Ronaldo (February 5, 1985) has been so far the...

Real Madrid vs FC Barcelona 2022: Which Team has the Most Titles?

Real Madrid vs FC Barcelona 2022: Real Madrid and FC Barcelona fight every season to win all the titles at stake. With the permission...

Haaland Vs Mbappe: Goals, Assists, Record, Statistics … Who is Better?

Haaland vs Mbappe: As much as it may cost to accept it, the reign of Cristiano Ronaldo and Lionel Messi is coming to an...

Top 10 Most Handsome Men in The World 2022

Most Handsome Men in The World 2022: The world’s top ten most beautiful men. This list is based on the artist’s 100 most handsome...

The 10 Best Thriller Series on Netflix 2022

Best Thriller Series on Netflix 2022: What do thriller series have ahead of their cinematic counterparts? They give the tension and the thrill a...

Top 10 Best Netflix Series Comedy of All Time

Best Netflix Series Comedy of All Time: Comedy always works! Who wants to indulge in problem films all the time or fear horror films...

HEALTH

Sports

Carles Puyol Vs Sergio Ramos: Who is the Best Spanish Central Defender?

Carles Puyol vs Sergio Ramos: We are seeing the most creative forwards and midfielders soccer players who usually take the vast majority of the...

Messi vs Ronaldo Trophies: Statistics, Goals, Titles, Awards … Who is Better?

Messi vs Ronaldo Trophies: The eternal fight between Lionel Messi (June 24, 1987) and Cristiano Ronaldo (February 5, 1985) has been so far the...

Real Madrid vs FC Barcelona 2022: Which Team has the Most Titles?

Real Madrid vs FC Barcelona 2022: Real Madrid and FC Barcelona fight every season to win all the titles at stake. With the permission...

Haaland Vs Mbappe: Goals, Assists, Record, Statistics … Who is Better?

Haaland vs Mbappe: As much as it may cost to accept it, the reign of Cristiano Ronaldo and Lionel Messi is coming to an...

Top 10 Players With Most Points In NBA History

Most Points In NBA History: The ranking of the top ten stars in the history of NBA scores is mainly based on the total...

Top 10 Best Players in NBA History

Best Players in NBA History: In the history of the NBA, there have been so many outstanding players, who among the best players in...

The 10 Most Popular NBA Basketball Stars of All Time

What are the most popular NBA Basketball Stars? There have been many superstars in the history of the NBA. They have made the NBA...

Top 10 Soccer Players With the Most Titles Won in History

Soccer Players With The Most Titles Won: Meet the most successful footballers in football history. The players who have won the most trophies throughout...